Cliquez ensuite sur "correction". This worksheet includes 20 sentences. Don't get frustrated- just try to figure a few things out and increase your vocabulary!. Complétez tout en choisissant la forme correcte, soit au passé composé soit à l'imparfait. This free website is created with love and a great deal of work. This is an amazing help tool for me to learn the French Past, which has been very difficult to go through. Imparfait, Key words for indicating both tenses, Amour - vocab. 1 The passé composé vs. ("je mange"). J'allais en France chaque été. Une fois que vos élèves ont bien compris l'emploi de ces deux temps séparément, voici un exercice où il faut décider entre le passé composé ou l'imparfait PASSE COMPOSE OU L'IMPARFAIT - Français Fle Fiches Pedagogiques. Elle avait un panier sur le bras gauche et elle portait de petites lunettes rondes. Imagine a painting or a picture. 16 Replies. Il y a des différences évidentes entre le passé composé et l'imparfait afin d'exprimer des évènements passés d'une manière fidèle. Imparfait o passé simple. Passe Compose avoir/etre. Choisissez la réponse correcte pour chaque phrase. passe compose help (past tense) passe compose w/ avoir; passe compose w/ etre; passe compose practice ; imparfait vs passe compose ; a helpful post explaining imparfait vs passe compose; intro to accents; type french accents w/o a french keyboard (just copy/paste into your document) how to put accents on letters; noun gender; 7 tips on learning. Je regarde les passants. Adverbs with the Past. Vouloir Imparfait. Allen's Quizlet Mrs. The imperfect describes an ongoing action with no specified completion:. Some do not. Each Question is worth 5 points Compose Each question is worth 5 points. Il (mourir) à Monticello, près de Charlottesville, le 4 juillet 1826. N'oubliez pas de réviser le passé composé et l'imparfait! Continuar leyendo. Conjugation Practice : Practice voir, croire and boire in the futur proche. This question already has an answer here: Comment utiliser le passé composé et l'imparfait en prése. en général. French verbs with irregular future stems. 1/10/2018 0 Comments Knowing when to use these 2 past tenses can be tough. je voudrais savoir le différent entre le temps passé composé et imparfait. Revise and improve your French with detailed content, examples, audio, personalised practice tests and learning tools. Imparfait ou passé composé - cours. Mon père a fait le dîner, et ma mère a regardé la télé. Don’t just go putting your peanut butter (the imperfect tense) with onions! With the perfect tense. Today's worksheet on Imparfait VS. Get Started. Passe compose quiz study guide by oliverodaa includes 31 questions covering vocabulary, terms and more. Practice your French verb conjugations for the Le Passe Compose (avoir-verbs only) with graded drill activities and fun multi-player games. When I was little I used to play in the snow with my friends. Choose your tense carefully. On pratique sur quizlet. Imparfait vs. French present tense grammar p. Reflexive verbs always use être as the auxiliary verb in Le Passé Composé. Choose from 500 different sets of and passe compose or vs imparfait flashcards on Quizlet. com/quiz-school/story. Showing top 8 worksheets in the category - Passe Compose Vs Imparfait. Passé composé would be the normal answer to "did you like the movie?" > "non, je n'ai pas aimé le film" Imparfait is OK if there is some event following the sentence, like "je n'aimais pas le film, alors j'ai quitté la salle", "je n'aimais pas le film, alors j'ai changé de chaîne" etc. video of below of LE PASSÉ COMPOSÉ with avoir. A simple explanation of "Conjugate reflexive verbs in L'Imparfait (imperfect tense)". Activité 2 : Aujourd'hui on va discuter l'imparfait. COM compares French tenses IMPERFECT and the PASSÉ COMPOSÉ - Lesson 51 of Alexa’s popular Beginner’s French Essentials course. 2 Projet Final : You have the remainder of class to work on your U6. Voici une leçon de grammaire complète sur le passé composé sous toutes ses formes. Imparfait vs passe compose keyword after analyzing the system lists the list of keywords related and the list of websites with related content, in addition you can see which keywords most interested customers on the this website. A simple explanation of "Conjugate reflexive verbs in L'Imparfait (imperfect tense)". Et toi? Quand j'étais petit (When I was a. Well, today I thought we’d discuss some French: specifically, the passé composé, the imparfait, and the plus-que-parfait. Die Vergangenheitsformen bilden wohl eines der größten und komplexen Themenbereiche in der Französischen Grammatik. l'imparfait vs. In this exercise we will focus on the formation and the use of the imparfait versus the passé composé. 9/4- Trois paragraphes au passé, avec passé composé et imparfait, 9 à 15 phrases en totale Imparfait vs. Imparfait ou passé composé - cours. For each pronouns there are 2 main points to understand. narration: passé composé vs. numbers after 1000. le passé composé IMPARFAIT PASSÉ COMPOSÉ utilisé dans le passé et avec : utilisé dans le passé et avec : o une action répétée/habituelle o une action soudaine/brève o une action prolongée/qui se o une action qui se passe passe pour longtemps une fois o la description o une action terminée/finie avoir et être. Don't forget accents!. fr nicolas nicolas piaia passé pdf piaia professeur professeurs ressource ressources vidéo. Determining when to use Passé Composé or Imparfait. My French teacher said I made errors, PLEASE HELP. Don't get frustrated- just try to figure a few things out and increase your vocabulary!. 1/10/2018 0 Comments Knowing when to use these 2 past tenses can be tough. object pronouns (present, passé composé, futur immédiat, passé immédiat, imparfait) h. l'imparfait vs. 1; Quizlet Vocabulary Flashcards 1. play quizzes ad-free. Press the Enter key; OR. How To Use Reflexive Verbs In The Imperfect Reflexive Verbs In The Passe Compose And In Commands Worksheet A Reflexive Verb Is Quizlet. Bienvenue sur /r/French, l'espace reddit pour apprendre et enseigner le français! Welcome to /r/French, the place to learn and teach French!. Partagé par Jenn Campanella Presentation of Passé Composé vs. ScRuB: Just because a flower is perfect does not mean that it can self fertilize. Le passé composé v l'imparfait. This may help with etre: DR MRS VANDERTRAMP. RSS Feed Proudly powered by Weebly. Review the vocabulary for the train with Quizlet. Chaque personne a un mois. French Grammar: Passé Composé with Negative and Interrogative Phrases la grammaire française: le passé compose avec les phrases négatives et interrogatives When speaking about the past in English, you choose which past tense to use depending on the context and the meaning you wish to convey. Choose your tense carefully. [Add game sampler here as well as navigation to 3 main sections of. Passe Compose. The past participle is the equivalent form to words ending in -en or -ed in English: eaten, walked, climbed, broken etc. This activity helps you practice choosing whether to use passé composé, imparfait, or both. Passe compose imparfait Flashcards and Study Sets | Quizlet. imparfait C Quand? page 225 Listening practice 04/2 Jeopardy PC vs Imparfait Chabal Imparfait Activity Quand j'étais. Gives a sentence in the present tense and asks which tense it would be put in if in past tense. practice with quizlet. Nous utilisons votre profil LinkedIn et vos données d'activité pour vous proposer des publicités personnalisées et pertinentes. Learning how to use the various past tenses can be very tricky because English has several tenses which either do not exist in or do not translate literally into French - and vice versa. 2 Quizlet vocabulary Flashcards 1. Imparafait 1. Chaque phrase est un morceau d'une histoire. Bon Voyage Green Book Vocab/Powerpoints French III Curriculum. The passé composé can be translated with the present perfect or the simple past in English. kathy ryan. COERLL media troubleshooting tap8: ex. La construction du passé composé C'est un temps composé, cela signifie que la forme conjuguée utilise l'auxiliaire être ou avoir conjugué au présent de l'indicatif et le participe passé du verbe à conjuguer. ]|3rd person plural: We take the present form of the 1st person plural, remove the ending ons, and add aient. Subjects: imparfait key passe-compose vs words. Say the correct conjugation. Knowing when to use these 2 past tenses can be tough. Includes examples and comparisons to English tenses as well. quizlet - l'imparfait formation and translation finding the nous form for forming the imparfait exercise - imparfait use and formation notes - le passé composé vs lìmparfait video on l'imparfait vs le passé composé from Laura K Lawless Imparfait song Ex #1 p. Spanish Imperfect Past tense verb endings. Iimparfait, passé composé ou plus-que-parfait Mettez les verbes entre parenthèses à l'imparfait, au passé composé ou au plus-que-parfait. Passe Compose avoir/etre. Imparfait versus passé composé. You can use it to learn aspects of French grammar or to consolidate ones that you have already learned but for which you need practice (and correction!) For each chapter, you may wish to first acquaint yourself with the grammar points. Quizlet review Dr. Don’t just go putting your peanut butter (the imperfect tense) with onions! With the perfect tense. Agreement of adjectives and position of adjectives (BAGS vs adjectives that follow). Grammaire Activity 2. Quand doit-on utiliser le passé composé ? Le passé composé s'utilise essentiellement pour une action précise et achevée. ? STRUCTURES | 16. Irregular "nous" form stems for imparfait View: Quizlet set to practice irregular present tense "nous" forms For the quiz on passé composé vs. Today you will do a little exploration to try to improve your understanding. Different kinds of French pronouns: Subject Pronouns. Who Am I? Famous People V. IMPARFAIT vs PASSÉ COMPOSÉ Une femme se promenait dans la rue dans la rue avec son chien. Quiz by dhanson. Voila le scripte pour l’épisode et les activités à compléter après la vidéo avec les partenaires: ÉPISODE 4 SCRIPTE ACTIVITÉS POUR ÉPISODE 4 Pour finir la classe, on va jouer au Kahoot pour pratiquer l'imparfait vs. ("je mange"). Now that my French 2 students have been introduced to both the passé composé and the imparfait, I wanted to introduce them to the. (achte auf Signalwörter) Im pc stehen Handlungsabläufe, Handlungsketten in der Vergangenheit. imparfait ou passe compose. We use it to indicate that an action in the past has been completed. Different kinds of French pronouns: Subject Pronouns. Imparfait vs Passe Compose. Start studying imparfait vs passé composé. The Imparfait vs. Imparfait. DRMRSP Descendre, rendre, montrer, retourner, sortir, passer Use avoir with DO after verb Use etre with preposition after verb. It is a paragraph so you need to read the whole text before trying to answer. 2 Les Verbes réfléchis au PASSE COMPOSE. Here are two examples: Pendant mon enfance, je lisais beaucoup. Use the verb connaître when you can substitute the words “to be familiar with”:. Complétez les phrases avec les verbes donnés à l'imparfait OU au passé composé selon le contexte! Pour avoir de l'aide, cliquez sur "??" Complete the phrases with the given verb in either the Imperfect or the Perfect Tense, depending on the context! For help, click on "??". French Imparfait vs. Verbs with infinitives ending in -er form a second group of regular verbs in Spanish, often called second conjugation verbs. Subjects: imparfait key passe-compose vs words. The imperfect is formed by dropping the ‐ons ending from the present tense nous form of the verb and adding the following endings: The imparfait of regular verbs. Quizlet Les Comptines Vocabulaire supplementaire. Learn with flashcards, games, and more — for free. (regarder) 5. Tex's French Grammar is the integral grammar component of Français Interactif, an online French course from the University of Texas at Austin. Active vs Passive voice, basketball game. As you become more comfortable with it, try acting out a lesson or creating visuals to better understand verb tenses and how to use them (passé comp. Il (passer) tous les ans les vacances dans cette ville. 37 Imparfait vs. It is a paragraph so you need to read the whole text before trying to answer. Can be used as inspiration for students to create their own story using all the ETRE verbs. (During my childhood I read [used to read, would read. The foreground of the painting is passe compose: it's the storyline where the action takes place. The more you practice, the easier the transition will be back into class. Le passé composé relate généralement des événements, l'imparfait décrit ce qui se passait, ce qui était, ou des habitudes passées. the imparfait • When narrating in the past, the imparfait describes what was happening, while the passé composé describes the actions that occurred or interrupted the ongoing activity. In the example 'I have eaten', 'have' acts as the auxillary verb and 'eaten' is the past participle of the verb 'to eat'. Avant ils (voyager) beaucoup. What is the difference between the imparfait and the passé composé? To many students, this question is about as easy to answer as 'What's the sound of one hand clapping?'. Passe compose quiz study guide by oliverodaa includes 31 questions covering vocabulary, terms and more. 1/10/2018 0 Comments Knowing when to use these 2 past tenses can be tough. All reflexive verbs take être in the passé composé and therefore have an e added to the past participle for females and an s for plural. Meet the Author My name's Samantha Decker and I'm a middle school French teacher from Saratoga Springs, NY. Imperfect tense French (no rating) 0 customer reviews. Une dictée sur le thème du vêtement et s'exercer à la conjugaison (présent, passé composé, imparfait) Skip to content A propos. Nov 23, 2016- Explore aking4428's board "Imparfait vs Passé Composé" on Pinterest. Conjuguemos makes learning verb conjugations in Spanish, French (+ 7 other languages) easy with drill practices and fun multi-player games. Voilà un exemple avec 6 photos quand j’étais petite et 6 verbes différents a l'imparfait. Apprendre le Français avec podcastfrancaisfacile. Choose from 500 different sets of passe compose imparfait flashcards on Quizlet. Practice your verb conjugations with helpful drills and quizzes. Lawlessfrench. Here is a good representation of what the imparfait is (the orange arrow): The imparfait is the answer to the question: what was going on?. You don't have to conjugate anything, just choose the tense(s)!. BONJOUR MES ÉTUDIANTS! Visit classzone (click for direct link) everyday for independent practice on course content. In this video tutorial lesson you will learn the past tense or passé composé for regular French ER, IR and RE verbs. They are organized by topic. The Passé Composé vs the Imperfect- VISUAL + INFO. Reflexive verbs always use être as the auxiliary verb in Le Passé Composé. Accents Present Tense Future Tense Past Tenses Reflexive Verbs Nouns etc. Salut Lise! Tu ne sais pas ce qui (arriver) la fin de semaine passée! (aller, je) à la bibliothèque de l'université quand soudain (apercevoir, je) quelqu'un q. Some tenses mix like peanut butter and jelly or Nutella and French bread (if we’re staying culturally accurate). Revise and improve your French with detailed content, examples, audio, personalised practice tests and learning tools. Hey, Chris-- so is that a trick to use when deciding on the imparfait vs passé composé to think "I, we, etc. Revise and improve your French with detailed content, examples, audio. Jan 11, 2019- This board is for anyone learning French either with a teacher or on his own using free resources on the internet. L'imparfait vs. French pronouns are inflected to indicate their role in the sentence. Madame Van Zandt will no longer post daily activities on her website. com/#!/NorthwestISD https://www. Welcome to our website of French self-correcting exercises. Viewed 735 times 4. Imparfait/Passé composé. See more ideas about French grammar, French verbs and Core french. It is used for actions that have been started and completed in past. Also use the exam quizlet found here: Listening Exam Use my tutorial. A partir de cartes, les apprenants doivent créer une histoire au passé. After this tutorial, student should be able to: Correctly form the Passé Composé, with both possible helping verbs Correctly form the Imparfait Understand the different between the two tenses in the French language Be able to correctly identify the rules of why each. Imparfait. Here is a good representation of what the imparfait is (the orange arrow): The imparfait is the answer to the question: what was going on?. Choisissez la réponse correcte pour chaque phrase. com/join/ycnjsDrAt. French group project Animated Video created using Animaker - http://www. Here are two examples: Pendant mon enfance, je lisais beaucoup. Click the JOIN BUT. Now imparfait is associated with a description in the past or a lasting action. 2 Quizlet vocabulary Flashcards 1. com/quiz/7036956. This sentence confuses me. Le Passé composé vs. The passé composé can be translated with the present perfect or the simple past in English. Notre destination être _____ toujours le même endroit : le. vs Imparfait Connect 5 Imparfait p. Mettez les verbes donnés entre parenthèses à l'imparfait, au passé composé ou au plus-que-parfait. L'imparfait est utilisé pour une action passée, qui a duré et qui est terminée. Unit 6, Quiz 2 Review (Passé Composé) - Due March 31/April 1. Employez l'imparfait et le passé composé. In English, there is a regular pattern: most verbs have their past participles ending in -ed. Don't forget accents!. by john-powell10, Sep. Review vocabulary about train. the Passé Composé I In French, when speaking in the past tense, one must constantly choose between the imparfait and the passé composé. Complétez le texte qui suit en conjuguant les verbes au passé composé, à l'imparfait ou au plus-que-parfait. Worksheets which can double as tests start with the basic formations of passé composé using avoir with regular -er, -re, and -ir verbs to irregular verbs and past participles (both regular. Passé Composé vs Imparfait. In English, in the past tense, we use a combination of an auxillary verb and a main verb in the past participle form. Review Passé composé VS imparfait #2. Les verbes à l'imparfait peuvent-ils être au passé composé et vice-versa ? En effet, dans certains cas, les 2 temps sont corrects et seul le contexte permet de décider si le verbe doit être à l'imparfait ou au passé composé. Quiz tomorrow on Imparfait VS Passe Compose. Every Christmas we would bake cookies. In this case, the pronoun (me, te, se, nous, or vous) changes to reflect the subject of the verb. Learn and practice french with this conjugation "Vouloir Imparfait": The verb "To want" is conjugated this way in Imperfect tense: Le verbe "Vouloir Imparfait" se conjugue de la façon suivante: Je pouvais, tu pouvais, il pouvait, elle pouvait, nous pouvions, vous pouviez, ils pouvaient, elles pouvaient. Madame Van Zandt will no longer post daily activities on her website. session Date Tâches à compléter (DEVOIR OU INTERRO) SOPHMORE ***French is not every day this year so let me give you some ADVICES===>>>. french er verbs quiz changes ending in ir irregular quizlet,french verbs ending in ir past tense conjugation practice passe compose negative regular er re present,french verbs conjugation list pdf practice 6 ways to conjugate present tense,regular verb conjugation er re verbs in french passe compose vs imparfait rules all ending,patterns novel french. The passé composé is the most important French past tense, and just to make things interesting, it has three possible English equivalents. Introduction. About Verbix. Welcome to my blog! I hope you like it, feel free to ask me whatever you want and to say hi c:. Tons o' links--reflexive verb explanation and practice. video to review pronouns and learn order of pronouns. In English, in the past tense, we use a combination of an auxillary verb and a main verb in the past participle form. Usually, when verbs like être, avoir, pouvoir, vouloir, and savoir are in a past narration, they will be in the imparfait, since they most likely describe a past state of being or condition. com/447113520/gram-a1 - Groetjes, Eva Vous restez sur votre faim après avoir regardé la vidéo? Alors, ABONNEZ-VOUS, vous. PRESENT TENSE. Quizlet: Use flashcards, play games, hear pronunciations and take a test here! 6. When I was little I used to play in the snow with my friends. com? Cancel Unsubscribe. A Vos Plumes! for Teachers. Imparfait PowerPoint: There are slides in here that include HOT SPAM and HIDE STARS mnemonic devices. Please let us know in a comment what do you think about the sources we provide to you, What would you like to see, or topics of your interest We’ll be more than happy to know!. You can use it to learn aspects of French grammar or to consolidate ones that you have already learned but for which you need practice (and correction!) For each chapter, you may wish to first acquaint yourself with the grammar points. Create a Quizlet set for the set of Vocabulaire handed out in class today for the short story "Les 3 Bagues. html NEW - les mots d'indice http://www. les verbes pronominaux au passé composé et les verbes avec un double auxiliaire. Imparfait form of avoir + past participle of vendre. Mixing the French Imperfect with Other Tenses. Learn with flashcards, games, and more — for free. Some of the worksheets displayed are Pass compos with avoir regular verbs, Work, Pass compos with avoir irregular past participles, Le pass compos the perfect tense, Pass compos avec avoir, Regular verbs in the present indicative, Complete french grammar, Faire de la grammaire au ce2. french er verbs quiz changes ending in ir irregular quizlet,french verbs ending in ir past tense conjugation practice passe compose negative regular er re present,french verbs conjugation list pdf practice 6 ways to conjugate present tense,regular verb conjugation er re verbs in french passe compose vs imparfait rules all ending,patterns novel french. Vouloir Imparfait. Who Am I? Famous People V. Gives a sentence in the present tense and asks which tense it would be put in if in past tense. practice with quizlet. Complétez tout en choisissant la forme correcte, soit au passé composé soit à l'imparfait. Jean Rochefort nous a quitté. To conjugate French verbs into passé composé, you must first conjugate either être or avoir in th. vs Imparfait (camping) le 29 avril they will go to my webpage and click on the chap 7 vocab quizlet activity. Subjects: imparfait key passe-compose vs words. lepointdufle. Learn with flashcards, games, and more — for free. There is animation on some of the slides. Quizlet Vocabulary Flashcards 1. 1; Quizlet Vocabulary Flashcards 1. Et toi? Quand j'étais petit (When I was a. Table 1 shows how the imparfait is formed with regular verbs. Tous les ans ils allaient à la plage. Quand les verbes passer, sortir, rentrer, monter, descendre et retourner ont un complément d’objet, il faut utiliser l’auxiliaire avoir. net/ressources. Néanmoins le passe simple est surtout considéré comme un temps de narration, qui met en valeur une action passée. Adverbs with the Past. This activity was created by a Quia Web subscriber. 1- Le Passé Composé vs L’Imparfait - Present yourself with a self-check: Take a quizlet test to see if you've retained the vocabulary. a) the formation of the imparfait- use conjuguemos or quizlet to practice. La construction du passé composé C'est un temps composé, cela signifie que la forme conjuguée utilise l'auxiliaire être ou avoir conjugué au présent de l'indicatif et le participe passé du verbe à conjuguer. Une fois que vos élèves ont bien compris l'emploi de ces deux temps séparément, voici un exercice où il faut décider entre le passé composé ou l'imparfait PASSE COMPOSE OU L'IMPARFAIT - Français Fle Fiches Pedagogiques. numbers after 100. It's a beginning level. Le Conditionnel présent et passé. The quiz will cover. imparfait C Quand? page 225 Listening practice 04/2 Jeopardy PC vs Imparfait Chabal Imparfait Activity Quand j'étais. How to Conjugate French Verbs into Passé Composé. If it needs a helping verb please add that as well. Nov 23, 2016- Explore aking4428's board "Imparfait vs Passé Composé" on Pinterest. The following French verbs have different meanings in the passé composé and imparfait. Imparfait, Key words for indicating both tenses, Amour - vocab. français 3. The imperfect describes an ongoing action with no specified completion:. Imparfait/ Perfect vs. We explain the differences between passé composé and imparfait. Imparfait, passé composé ou plus-que-parfait Mettez les verbes entre parenthèses à l'imparfait, au passé composé ou au plus-que-parfait. Imparfait is used for events that happened a long time ago, while passe compose is used for more recent events. the passé composé by looking at a song. Les passe-temps à continuer (Pages 5,6 - La lecture + activités Les passe-temps) Révision Testons-nous les verbes (tableaux blancs) Le travail aux tables en groupes de 3 ou 4 - A l'école - les matières, les lectures, les écoutes. Choisissez la réponse correcte pour chaque phrase. Je suis rentré chez moi, et j'ai mangé un sandwich. French group project Animated Video created using Animaker - http://www. Imparfait vs. At the end, you can check your answers and re. avoir – to have Imperfect = “had, was/were”. ca 613-248-9229 2/6 Les exercices 1. Practice your verb conjugations with helpful drills and quizzes. Quand le chien a vu un chat qui arrivait doucement, il est devenu fou, il a voulu sauter sur le chat et le chat a eu peur. Conjugations & Practice : First, study the conjugations (and click on the speaker to listen to the pronunciation) of boire and two verbs like it (croire, voir). The past participle is the equivalent form to words ending in -en or -ed in English: eaten, walked, climbed, broken etc. Imparfait / finish notes Passe Compose vs. http://LFWA. wordreference. Conjugation Practice : Practice voir, croire and boire in the futur proche. Café de France Mets ce texte au passé: Je suis à la terrasse d'un restaurant. Passé composé or imparfait?? Help practice when to use these two tenses. Before reading this lesson, be sure you understand the basics of passé composé vs imparfait. le passé composé - leçon - les actions interrompues - discussion, notes, examples - Group activity - sharing and correcting sentences with illustrations - paper or iPad. There is animation on some of the slides. Cette vidéo traite de Leçon 18 - Le passé composé et l'imparfait. Notre destination être _____ toujours le même endroit : le. Mettez les verbes entre parenthèses au temps du passé (passé composé, imparfait et plus-que-parfait) qui convient. Choosing between the imparfait and the passé composé. Enjoy! In this page, you will have a test with 4 types of questions. vs imparfait ex #2 on - p. The imperfect also describes what was going on in the past when another action or event took place in the passé composé: Il sortait quand je suis arriv(é) (He was going out when I arrived. passe compose Once upon a time: A fairy tale unit without any fairy tales. It is a paragraph so you need to read the whole text before trying to answer.